The Etruscan necropolis of "Grottini Rota" is located on the border between the towns of Tolfa an Canale Monterano  and at the foot of Seccareccio Mount, at the 39 km road Braccianese-Claudia (3 km SE of the medieval village of Rota ). The graves were dug on a tufa plateau and had to be about twenty, except that in the fifties and sixties the hill was used as a quarry tuff, and this led to a partial destruction of the necropolis, so that today there are only ten. The type of hypogean tombs is a single room (indoor area approximately 2.5 x 2 meters) with sloping ceiling and carved twin beds (about 155 cm length) in the form of a ceremonial banquet with inlaid semi-circle, outside is a short (2 m) narrow corridor (dromos). There is also a rock tomb called semi nut with a stairway that leads to a single chamber. One of these tombs was found intact in modern times and provides an important funeral, including a number of different types of Buccheri (cup, kyathos, kantharos). The necropolis on the basis of two types of tombs can be dated between the VI and V sec.B.C. and was probably connected with the Etruscan acropolis of the nearby thermae of Stigliano. A second hypothesis of a local historian (G. Cola) taking account of other Etruscan necropolis close to Grottini (Pian Santi, Pian Conserva, Pian Cisterna, Ferrone and Monte Seccareccio) assumes that the acropolis was on a pagus (fortified hill) on which was built in the Middle Ages the castle of Rota. The architectural style of the tombs (similar to that of the necropolis of Ferrone) suggests a connection with Etruscan Channel Monterano rather than those of the mountains of Tolfa. The hypothesis is also supported by the fact that along the banks of the River Mignone, which runs close to the basement, there is a rock altar. This altar carved in the tuff consists of a staircase on the top and has a cylindrical bore and another similar type is present in the territory of Manziana.
     


       


Rollover Button Generator by Free-Buttons.org v2.0